TAP® Bibliography
Independent Peer-Review on the Thornton Adjustable Positioner®


Boota A. White JR, Pardue T, Essick G.  Sustained tolerance of CPAP using MAS supported Nasal Pillows. Abstract. 26th Annual APSS Meeting, Boston, MA

Bender, SD. Oral appliance therapy for sleep-related breathing disorders. In: Elsevier, Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology, (2012) 23, 72-78


White JR, Boota A
, Essick G. Efficacy and Tolerance of Combination Therapy using MAS Supported Nasal Pillows. At: American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine Annual Meeting. (Awarded: Poster, Abstract of the Year), Minneapolis, MN 2011.

Holley AB, Lettieri CJ, Shah AA. Efficacy of an Adjustable Oral Appliance and Comparison to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure for the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. In: Chest DOI 10.1378/chest.10-2851, June 2, 2011

Lettieri CJ, Paolino N, Eliasson AH, Shah AA, Holley, AB. Comparison of Adjustable and Fixed Oral Appliances for the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. In: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, JCSM, October 2011.


Bishop B, Verrett R, Girvan T, Ingmundson P
. Crossover Study Comparing Two Oral Appliance Designs for Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea. At: American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine Annual Meeting. San Antonio, TX; 2010.

Chung JW, Enciso R, Levendowski DJ, Westbrook PR, Clark GT. Treatment outcomes of mandibular advancement devices in positional and nonpositional OSA patients. In: Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2010 May; 109(5):724-31.

McLornan P, Verrett R, Girvan T, Ingmundson P. Evaluation of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients’ Oral Appliance Titration Protocols. At: The American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine Annual Meeting. San Antonio, TX; 2010.

Prehn R. The New TAP-PAP Custom Face Mask for CPAP Compliance and Satisfaction. At: American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine Annual Meeting. San Antonio, TX; 2010.


Ghazal A, Sorichter S, Jonas I, Rose EC. A randomized prospective long-term study of two oral appliances for sleep apnea treatment. In: J Sleep Res. 2009 Sep; 18(3):321-8.

Krishnan, V., N. A. Collop, et al. An evaluation of a titration strategy for prescription of oral appliances for obstructive sleep apnea. In: Chest 2009 133(5): 1135-1141.


Chung JW, Enciso R, Levendowski DJ, Westbrook PR, Clark GT. Investigation of positional and non-positional OSA: risk factors associated with apnea-hypopnea severity. In: Journal of Sleep Research, 2008.

Ghazal A, Jonas IE, Rose EC. Dental side effects of mandibular advancement appliances minus a 2 year follow-up. In: J Orofac Orthop. 2008 Nov; 69(6):437-47.

Hoekema, A., B. Stegenga, et al. Obstructive sleep apnea therapy. In: Journal of Dental Research, 2008 87(9): 882-887.

Hoekema, A., A. A. Voors, et al. Effects of oral appliances and CPAP on the left ventricle and natriuretic peptides. In: Int J Cardiol 2008 128(2): 232-239.


Hoekema A, Doff MHJ, Bont LGMd, Hoeven JHvd, Wijkstra PJ, Pasma HR, et al. Predictors of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Treatment Outcome. In: J Dent Res 2007; 86(12):1181-1186.

Hoekema A, Stegenga B, Bakker M, Brouwer WH, Bont LGMd, Wijkstra PJ, et al. Simulated driving in obstructive sleep apnoea–hypopnoea; effects of oral appliances and continuous positive airway pressure. In: Sleep and Breathing 2007; 11(3):129-138.

Hoekema A, Stel A-L, Stegenga B, Hoeven JHvd, Wijkstra PJ, Driel MFv, et al. Sexual Function and Obstructive Sleep Apnea–Hypopnea: A Randomized Clinical Trial Evaluating the Effects of Oral-Appliance and Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Therapy. In: The Journal of Sexual Medicine 2007; 4(4ii):1153-1162.

Hoekema A, Vries Fd, Heydenrijk K, Stegenga B. Implant-retained oral appliances: a novel treatment for edentulous patients with obstructive sleep apnea–hypopnea syndrome. In: Clinical Oral Implants Research 2007; 18(3):383-387.

Levendowski DJ, Morgan TD, Patrickus JE, Westbrook PR, Berka C, Zavora T, et al. In-home evaluation of efficacy and titration of a mandibular advancement device for obstructive sleep apnea. In: Sleep Breath 2007; 11(3):139-47.

Stouder, Jones, Brietzke, Mair. Does an oral appliance reduce palatal flutter and tongue base snoring? In: Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery 2007;136(5):827-831.


*Barnes M, McEvoy RD, Banks S et al. Efficacy of Positive Airway Pressure and Oral Appliance in Mild to Moderate Obstructive Sleep Apnea. In: Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2004; 170:656–664.

Conaway JR, Scherr SC. Multidisciplinary Management of the Airway in a Trauma-Induced Brain Injury Patient. In: Sleep Breath 2004; 8(3):165-170.

Rose EC, Germann M, Sorichter S, Jonas IE. Case Control Study in the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep-Disordered Breathing with a Mandibular Protrusive Appliance. In: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics 2004; 65(6):489-500.

Denbar MA. A Case Study Involving the Combination Treatment of an Oral Appliance and Auto-Titrating CPAP Unit. In: Sleep Breath 2002; 6(3):125-128.

Gershman. Prospective Study of the TAP in the Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Snoring. In: Sleep 2002; 25(Supplement):A466.

Skinner MA, Robertson CJ, Kingshott RN, Jones DR, Taylor DR. The efficacy of a mandibular advancement splint in relation to cephalometric variables. In: Sleep Breath 2002;6(3):115-24.


Pancer J, Al-Faifi S, Al-Faifi M, Hoffstein V. Evaluation of Variable Mandibular Advancement Appliance for Treatment of Snoring and Sleep Apnea. In: Chest 1999; 116(6):1511-1518.


Denbar M. Case report: Utilization of the Thornton Adjustable Positioner in maintaining the airway for a child with obstructive apnea, micrognathia, and cerebral palsy. In: Tex Dent J. 1998; 115(10):21-22.

Roberts DH, Becker PM, Jamieson AO. Determining Efficacy of a Split Night OA & CPCP Titration Protocol Using PSG. In: Sleep 1998; 21(Supplement):97.


Thornton WK, Roberts DH. Nonsurgical management of the obstructive sleep apnea patient. In: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 1996; 54(9):1103-1108.

* This appliance is a TAP-based design.

NOTE: Since 1997, all clinical trials involving the Thornton Adjustable Positioner® have been conducted by independent investigators who do not have a financial interest in the device. Each study was funded by an outside source and not by the manufacturer of the TAP®, Airway Management, Inc.